Medications to treat pain include opioid analgesics, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, topical analgesics/pain ointments, muscle relaxants and NSAIDs. Medication management helps patients avoid dangerous drug interactions while ensuring they obtain the best possible pain relief.

Some pain medications are associated with significantly more risk than others. It is important for patients to understand the risks associated with certain medications and combinations used for pain treatment and communicate the benefits and side effects of their individual pain medications to Dr. Klim.

Combining medications for pain with other therapies, including injections, physical therapy and behavioral and lifestyle counseling, usually leads to the greatest improvement in functional capability and quality of life.